Directeur de thèse : Jean-Pierre Lévy
Notre logique consiste à se positionner dans un contexte de transition énergétique. En effet, les questions environnementales telles que la pollution atmosphérique, le réchauffement climatique et la raréfaction des ressources fossiles sont au cœur des grands débats contemporain. La transition énergétique est alors nécessaire afin de réduire les effets d’une consommation dont les impacts réels sont dévastateurs à l’échelle planétaire.
In this thesis, we position ourselves in a context of energy transition. Indeed, environmental issues such as air pollution, global warming and the scarcity of fossil fuels are at the heart of major contemporary debates. The energy transition is then necessary to reduce the effects of a consumption whose real impacts are devastating on a global scale. It is in this context that the building sector appears to be one of the major factors in the consumption and emission of greenhouse gases.Indeed, the energy transition is necessary to reduce the effects of consumption whose real impacts are devastating on a global scale. It is in this context that the building sector appears to be one of the major factors of the consumption and emission of greenhouse gases. This thesis aims to model the energy consumption behaviors of residential buildings. However, the study of the energy behaviors of residential buildings remains both little understood and undervalued in the models. This difficulty comes from two obstacles: a lack of exploitable data on real household consumption; a complexity in the implementation of surveys on domestic energy behaviors. The goal is to dynamically study, analyze and model the behavior of residential buildings taking into account the interactions between space, household and consumption. This thesis will focus on the evolution of energy consumption of households after a renovation project, through estimation.